Aquilegia canadensis, Columbine, also called Red or American Columbine, is one of the first plants to provide nectar in the spring for bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. The colorful flowers are red flowing into yellow. Besides being an early bloomer, Columbine will tolerate a large range of soil and sun types, so you'll have success with it in full sun as well as shade. It can grow in pine tree areas and is deer-resistant. The seeds of Aquilegia are shiny black pearls and can be easily collected and planted.

Prairie Moon: C 60 days: Mix seeds with equal amounts or more of… sterile media (moist—but not so wet that water will squeeze out of a handful). … Place mixture in a labeled, sealed plastic bag and store in a refrigerator (33–38°F). ... If two months (C(60)) of this cold storage before planting is normally required to break the dormancy of these seeds, one month may work for many species if time is a constraint. … Another method of breaking dormancy for species requiring moist stratification is to sow seeds outdoors in the fall so they may overwinter.

20180414 bought Ranunculaceae: Aquilegia canadensis (Columbine) from Growing Wild, mixed a little coir into soil in back porch moss garden.

20180218 planted E side of entry steps and in back porch moss garden
20180121 planted in flat, some left over
20171001 Sow True Seeds Order , Aquilegia canadensis, columbine, 1/2 oz/ 476 seed, - days, X in deep, 10-18 in apart, -, $2.50